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William Francis Brand Civil War Letters, 1856-1959, Accession # 11332, Special Collections Dept., University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Va.
The William Francis Brand Civil War Letters were a gift to the Library from Mr. W. Brand McCaskill of Charlottesville, Virginia, September 27, 1997, and bear no restrictions.
According to Lee A. Wallace, Jr.,
Most of his letters, 1861-1867, are to his future wife Amanda C. Armentrout and accounts of camp life and members of his regiment and their families, local, state, and national events. Brand's letters sometimes reflect an often troubled relationship between the couple as they regularly accuse or apologize for supposed unfaithfulness, end and renew their relationship, pledge undying love and devotion to each other, set and postpone the date of their wedding (January 21, 1864, December 12, 1865, January 9, 1866, May 24, 1866, July 21, 1866). He also admits to a swearing problem and promises her that he will stop (April 5, 1866). He wrote his letters from a variety of Virginia cities, towns, counties and military camps including Brandy Station, Caroline County, Centreville, Charles Town, Essex County, Greenville, Harpers Ferry, Lexington, Liberty Mills, Madison County, Martinsburg, Morgan County, Nelson County, Orange County, Petersburg, Rockbridge County, and Winchester. Brand discusses illegal and underage voting by members of his regiment for secession (May 25, 1861); the battle of [First] Kernstown (April 6, 1862); the battle of [First] Winchester (May 29, 1862); his unhappy stay at a Nelson County hospital (August 29, 1862); thanks Armentrout for sending cheese (February 6, 1863); description of an operation on his big toe (May 23, 1863); using pokeroot ink to write his letters (October 11, 1863); a massive snowball fight between two groups of Confederate troops (March 24, 1864); the battles of Spotsylvania (May 16, 1864), Fisher's Hill (September 22, 1864), Cedar Creek (October 28, 1864), and Bentonville, North Carolina (March 22, 1865); and encountering barefooted Valley girls "awkward in their manners" (August 19, 1864).
Brand mentions or quotes prominent civilians and military personages in his letters including: Jefferson Davis [1808-1889], Jubal Early [1816-1894], Elmer Ellsworth [1837-1861], Richard Ewell [1817-1872], Richard Brooke Garnett [1817-1863], Joseph E. Johnston [1807-1891], Abraham Lincoln [1809-1865], James A. Longstreet [1821-1904], Prince Napoleon [Prince Napol éon-Jérôme, 1822-1891, born Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul Bonaparte], John Pope [1822-1892], Robert Emmett Rodes [1829-1864], Jeb Stuart [1833-1864], James Alexander Walker [1832-1901], and Charles S. Winder [1829-1862]. Several identified members of various Confederate regiments and mutual friends and families are also mentioned or discussed by name. Brand's wartime letters are listed and described at the end of this guide.
Amanda C. "Kate" Armentrout, a resident of Greenville, Augusta County, and Brand's (postwar) wife was born on September 1 but the year is unknown (see her letter of September 1, 1867). There are several antebellum letters from her former schoolmate John P. Lightner [1841?-1862] who enlisted in Company I, 4th Virginia Infantry, during June 1861 and died of typhoid fever in February 1862 [James I. Roberston, 4th Virginia Infantry, second edition (Lynchburg, 1982), page 61]. According to the donor's genealogical notes "Family Record," Lightner later married Anne, Amanda's sister. Also present is a September 14, 1857, letter from John's brother George Pilson Lightner [1839-1925], later a member of the 52nd Virginia Infantry. John and George Lightner's letters describe student life at Brownsburg Academy and the Christian Creek School (both in Rockbridge County) and Washington College [later Washington and Lee University], Lexington, during 1856-1861. John describes war preparations in Lexington (May 18, 1861) and a flag presentation and speech by Governor John Letcher [1813-1884] and Company I's assignment as the headquarters guard for General Gustavus Woodson Smith [1822-1896] (October 31, 18 61). William F. Brand mentions John Lightner in a June 23, 1861, letter. Lightner's letters are listed and described at the end of this guide.
Amanda Armentrout's 1859-1874 correspondents include various relatives and friends. A January 12, 1861, letter describes a taffy pull; there are also several letters from Robert B. Spillman, apparently a Confederate officer stationed at Chimborazo Hospital, Richmond, and later a Fredericksburg and Westmoreland County resident (December 28, 1864, January 12 and 29 and October 15, 1865, October 13, 1866). She addresses few of her letters to future husband William Francis Brand (whom she often addresses as "Willie): June 5, 1864, July 6, 23, 29, and August 17, 1866 ( which includes a poem); she first addresses him as husband in her October 7, 1866, letter. Selected Armentrout letters are listed and described at the end of this guide.
Miscellaneous Brand family letters (1863, 1866-1867, 1873) include letters of William Francis Brand's brother Charles David Brand urging him to marry Armanda Armentrout (August 12 and November 25, 1866), an August 12, 1866, letter in which Charles discusses "a grand memorial" held at the Buckingham Female Institute [August 1, 1866] and attended by 500 persons "about two-thirds of that number lovely fair sex," and, a Confederate soldier's description of his wounding and capture at the battle of Gettysburg, November 11, 1863. A separate folder of miscellaneous materials and genealogical notes contains a 1959 news article about William and Amanda Brand ("Letters from Civil War Soldier Describe His Life As Member of Confederate Army," Waynesboro News-Virginian), a ca. 1925-1930 Standing Liberty Type Quarter Dollar, notes on the Brand letters by Colonel S. L. Denison, chairman, Waynesboro Civil War Centennial Committee, and a 1932 typescript excerpt from the minutes of Tinkling Spring Church regarding the death of Brand as its senior elder.
Letters of John P. Lightner to Amanda C. Armentrout, 1856-1861, 16 items
Correspondence of Amanda C. Armentrout, 1859-1866, 1867, and 1871-1874, 37 items
William F. Brand to Amanda C. Armentrout, 1861-1862, 20 items
WFB to Amanda C. Armentrout, 1863, 12 items
WFB to Amanda C. Armentrout, 1864-1865, 22 items
WFB to Amanda C. Armentrout, 1866-1867, 14 items
Miscellaneous Brand Family Letters, 1863, 1866-1867, and 1873, 6 items
Miscellaneous Materials and Genealogical Notes, ca. 1925, 1932, and 1959, n.d., 7 items
Things are well at the Seminary [Christian Creek School]; are sending presents (two kisses)
Unable to visit her during Christmas
"You must not think that I was insulted at all, never thought about such a thing as being insulted, Pshaw!"; religious sentiments
Is boarding at the dwelling of Major Samuel Willson; describes one young lady and an old maid as both being "quite fascinating"; he and five friends dined on a watermelon for dinner; "I am very lonesome up her in one or two respects. 1st Is that Mr. Greer gives us too long lessons to learn. The other is, there are no nice ladies like you to home, & associate with"
Student reminiscences about his former schoolmates at Christian's Creek
Discusses his class work and general news; is only person to attend a local prayer meeting; religious sentiments; visited Natural Bridge "but it was not a very great curiosity to me"
Has a cold; religious sentiments; unable to send his likeness "afraid I would break all the glass"
"I have but one more week to teach in school"; mentions weddings, leap year, valentines; mentions a Miss Armentrout in Staunton
"I expect to leave next Saturday or whip some of the Profs. As you know I am a great fighting character . . . We have a very quiet band of students this year, no drinking which was common last year"
Is suffering a cold which delayed his reply to her previous letter; burden of correspondence with others and college duties
Friendship; references to impending civil war and military preparations in Lexington
Is stationed near Martinsburg, Berkeley County; reports peace rumors; says if he were Lincoln he would make peace
Governor John Letcher [1813-1884] yesterday presented state flags to every regiment and addressed the troops; his company as permanent headquarters guard for General Gustavus Woodson Smith [1821-1896]; camp life is fine
General news; "Why are you not going to school this winter? or have you got your diploma."
"Was it not at Taffy pulling had a fine time eating hard Molasses with unwashed hands. Did you ever pull any, when you had to spit on your hands to keep it from adhering to them?"
Family news and local gossip; "take good care of your health & tobacco"
"Oh dear one you are brooding over my sorrows & troubles & thinking how you will make me happy now let me beg of you dear one to forget me for awhile & think of yourself yes if I could come to you to night & fold my arms around your neck & pray for you I believe my earthly happiness would be compleat"
In answer to her questions he provides information about his family and their ages [Note: a Robert B. Spillman was a member of Company C, 9th Virginia Cavalry, and was apparently listed in 1910 Census for Westmoreland County; see his letter of 2 September 1866]
Is writing at eleven o'clock at night; "I Can't find words to Express Myself to night, I hope you will Excuse my brevity & I will promise to do better next time"
Rumor that the government is about to send commissioners to meet with the federal government to discuss "honorable terms for peace" [Hampton Roads Peace Conference, 3 February 1865]; signs this letter as "your affectionate & Ever loving Brother"
"appreciate your true & unselfish friendship . . . but as for marrying indeed my friend that is something that I certainly should expect to do soon, my present situation . . . not admit of any thing of the sort were I to get married now I should think that I would be doing any lady justice in consequence of my embarrassing situation in life"; mentions Willie [William F. Brand]
General news; asks if she received any April fools and sent any valentines
"I received your very dear letter several weeks ago & can say some part of it made me very happy"; calls recipient "Willie"; religious sentiment
"I have been waiting for a letter from you but have waited in vain have come to the conclusion that you have forgotten me or must perhaps changed all again ha ha if so Willie let me know"; urges him to visit her
"Willie you wish a [relic?] you have loved me . . . not doubt that but your affection have changed & if you wish to be free again & I can hold they pure noble heart bind it to one that is so impure as mine for I have been the cause of your being unhappy"
Concludes with a poem: "Come back, Oh come! The past shall be as cloud forever removed . . ."
discusses the Christian character of their correspondence; wants to hear from her if she is still alive
Complains he has not written to her; discusses the weather and crops; "my love is so strong that it makes me thus"; this is the first existent letter which she signs as "your ever true & loving wife Kate A. B[rand]"
Was glad to her from her; general news
has just returned from visiting her friend Rachel; mentions Natural Bridge; today is her birthday
Has been ill; misses him; describes herself as a wayward child
describes Harpers Ferry as dull; his company [Company E, 5th Virginia Infant ry] has been presented a secession flag by Miss Fannie Lincoln
has enlisted for duration of war which he expects will be three or four year s; George W. Fitch [1835-1899] of the company sends his love
20,000 soldiers stationed near here including Alabamians and Mississippians and two of his uncles; mentions Union occupation of Alexandria and two shooting deaths [of Alexandria hotel keeper James Jackson and Union Colonel Elmer Ellsworth, 24 May 1861] because of the tearing down of a Co nfederate flag; reference to state election to confirm Virginia's secession--all but two members of the Augusta Grays voted for secession; the captain encouraged underage members to vote anyway: "Fifteen or twenty of us was not old enough to vote but our Captain told us to vote if we co uld & everyone voted [WFB, age twenty, was legally ineligible to vote] . . . one of our lowlife men talked like he would oppose ou r votes and the gentlemen was about to get himself the business he got so bad sc ared that he went and voted for secession"
mentions visit of her friend John P. Lightner; promises to whip the bloodthi rsty demons of the North
drilling and guard duty; encloses poem "I Dreamed of The [Thee]"
argument involving his brother John [John W. Brand, 1842-1923] and Tom Graha m [perhaps James W. T. Graham, ?-1892] has disrupted breakfast and caused a figh t among them, Graham confined to a guardhouse; regiment reviewed by Prince Napoleon [Prince Napoléon-Jérô me, 1822-1891; born Napoléon-Joseph-Charles-Paul Bonaparte]; describes th e battle of First Bull Run [First Manassas, 21 July 1861], became separated from his regiment and found himself fighting with the 4 th Alabama Infantry
Is trying to get a furlough; James Trotter [James W. B. Trotter, ?-1864] fai led to get a furlough to visit his father before he died
"No one can tell the pleasure that it affords a poor soldier on receiving a letter from his friends & acquaintances. It enlivens his mind and makes him energetic in performing his duties"; John Plunkett [John H. Plunkett, 1836-1885] questioned Union prisoners captured near Arlingto n Heights by Colonel Stuart's cavalry [Jeb Stuart, 1833-1864]; says rebel flags are waving right under Old Abe's [Abraham Lincoln] nose; "Thare are three men walking up and down our regiment carrying thare knap sacks as a punishment for thare misconduct. I would just as leave be shot"; want s very much to see her and pledges eternal love
mentions Samuel B. Fitch [?-1876] and his troubles with his sweetheart; regi ment on picket duty last week and could see the Potomac River and the Capitol do me
regrets news of the deaths of two women; his brother John has returned from a Richmond hospital [typhoid fever]; account of regiment's travel by train to St rasburg; officers' refusal to obey orders in dispute over campsites
return of William H. Brownlee [1841-1862] to camp after his furlough to Wash ington County; mention of General Richard Brooke Garnett's [1817-1863] orderly; describes Christmas dinner (with turkey)
hard marching and capture of prisoners at Bath in Morgan County [January 1, 1862, preliminary of Thomas J. "Stonewall" Jackson's Romney Campaign]
the regiment has left Camp Zollicoffer and government property being moved t o Strasburg; he has enlisted as a regular for the war's duration and looks for G od's protection for "he is able to save in the darkest hours of peril"; regret her brother did not reenlist [three Armentrout brothers served with the 5th Virginia during the war: Jacob, James, and John]
company has been reorganized and he lists officers: Captain James W. Newton [1838-1896], Lieutenant Charles W. Grills [?-1862], David F. Eckard [1836-1914]; account of the battle of First Kernstown [March 23, 1862; during Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign] and describes the death of fe llow soldier Robert F. Grass (shot through the head); 800 members in the regimen t as of this date
eleven members of the regiment have been sent to the hospital; camp news, pr ayer meeting led by "a good old Methodist preacher"
account of the battle of Winchester [first battle of Winchester, May 25, 186 2]; the regiment has been attacking the enemy since the 23rd [battle of Front Ro yal; Jackson's Valley Campaign], thousands of prisoners; local residents cheered the Confederate troops after the battle; for the first time the troops cheered General Charles S. Winder [1829-1862], usuall y they did not like him "because he is so strict"
his brother John is still sickly but brother David [Charles David Brand, 183 8-1904] has returned from a visit to their grandmother's; Robert Taylor discharg ed for being over age thirty-five; the regiment finally assigned a chaplain, Edward Payson Walton [?-?], "a very good preacher" ; WFB says he "had a wonderful time Saturday hunting for deserters," Frank Taylo r arrested but later escaped from his guards Isaac Newton Vines [1834-1913] and George W. Hight [Hite] [?-1897]
describes the battle of Cedar Mountain [9 August 1862], wounding of his brot hers John W. Brand [1842-1923] and Charles David Brand [1838-1904], both sent to Charlottesville Hospital; he and Samuel B. Fitch [?- 1876; medical discharge November 1861] are no longer intimate as "he has a smoo th tongue & seems to be a real ladies man"
passing reference to Union General John Pope [1822-1892] and her brother Joh n Armentrout [1832-1863]; criticizes the hospital ("this is a very mean hospital very little accommodations nothing but bread & meat")
"The enemy have a large Cavalry force in the Valley & our own Cavalry be ing afraid of them but us to a good deal of trouble"; hard march last night thro ugh mud and rain; expresses sympathy over the death of her cousin in battle and "great many deaths in old Augusta since I left— I believe disease cuts off as many as the sword"
has safely returned to camp from his furlough; spent a lonely night in Staun ton during his return trip; passing reference to a recent victory in Tennessee; the army in the best of spirits; describes camp life and duties; fellow soldier John M. Meek [1832-1896] has returned from furlough; WFB signs this letter "Willie boy"
oysters cost six dollars a gallon here; Company E at sixty men, is the large st in the brigade; troops constructing winter quarters with chimneys and securin g good supplies of wood and water; "I have often been near you in my dreams since I last saw you"
Is writing at 9:00 p.m.; snow and rain last two weeks and muddy roads; enter tainment skills of Captain Marshall Smith Brown [1840-1907] "a good performer an d noble singer"; Captain James W. Newton [1838-1896] started home on furlough and Lieutenant John J. Dempster [1835-1918] has joined the officers' mess; thanks her for sending cheese
asks her forgiveness for delaying replies to her letters; has been in poor h ealth since he came home on leave but feeling better; family and local news
visited George Newton Britton [?-1909] who is in poor health, and his fiance e Lizzie Brown; other family news and local gossip; his brother Tom [Thomas H. B rand, ?-1863] has just reminded him it is noon and time to go to work in the cornfield; concludes with a poem "Thou Shall not, O M y Love/Ever hear my voice in rage"; signs himself as "Willie"
part of the bone of his big toe removed; has the blues but hopes to see her soon, describes Dr. Hay's operation on his toe, is now on crutches, signs himsel f as "Willie"
his big toe is healing, saw her brother George Armentrout this morning; sign s himself as "Willie"
Confederate cavalry defeated and drove the enemy toward Rapidan River after a brief skirmish near Culpeper Court House [14 September 1863]; enemy recrossed the Rapidan at Raccoon Ford but was repulsed by General Jubal Early [1816-1894]; with fifty men Company E is the regiment's lar gest; good preaching in camp by Reverend Mr. Taylor of Staunton before an audien ce of 5,000 soldiers; declares his love for her: "there is not a beat of my [heart] but beats true to thee O how often I think o f the past when you ware by my side: My arms encircling your waist & your sw eet lips gently prest to mine then I was so happy"
enemy watching them from the north side of the Rapidan River; Confederates h ope to trade tobacco for coffee with them; her brother "Jake" caused him to blus h in camp when he told other soldiers that WFB was writing to his sister [ACA]; the ink he uses to write letters is homemade from pokeroot
wishes he could get leave to attend wedding of her cousin and a mutual frien d "but alas I had to serve my country first"; troops busily constructing winter camp quarters
her previous letter delivered to him by her father; suffering from a cold; d eath of his brother Thomas Brand [?-1863] [at battle of Bealton Station, October 26, 1863, during Bristoe Station Campaign, August- October 1863]
because of the bad weather (a cold rain) the President [Jefferson Davis, 180 8-1889] canceled his planned review of the troops; rumor that brigade commander General Richard Ewell [1817-1872] is dead [he was wounded at Kelly's Ford, November 7, 1863, Bristoe Station Campaign], George Ne wton Britton is in next bunk writing a letter to his sister
fears she loves another and accuses her of unfaithfulness: "If you should le arn to love another man better than me; or that you could enjoy your future happ iness better with your first lover [not John P. Lightner; he was dead since 1862] than with poor W [William] I would be heartle ss not to free you & forgive you . . . but pray to Almighty God to help you to prove true to whoever you love best"
"You have no idea how glad I was when you Dear letter was handed me"
letter is on yellow stationery and mostly unreadable
describes a snowball fight near Winchester [March 12, 1864], involving 2,000 Confederate troops, involving his brigade [General James Alexander Walker] Walk er's Brigade versus [General Robert Emmett Rodes] Rodes' Division: "Thare was none killed on either side but a great many bloody noses"; expresses religious sentiments, faithfulness to her and his goal "to mak e you happy"
has spent the afternoon of "this blessed [Sunday] at our little chapel"' exp resses love and devotion" "I love you yes passionately & if you think you ha ve ever treated me wrong I forgive thee"
hard march this morning; rumor of General James A. Longstreet's [1821-1904] Corps in Madison County; mentions a mutual friend named "Old Charly": "I think o f him every day poor fellow; he has had a long stay in Yankee prison; he must be tired & disgusted with Yankee prisons"
describes battle of Spotsylvania [May 12, 1864] and his wounded right arm, m any Confederates taken prisoner, describes regiment's casualties and prisoners
letter is on purple stationery and mostly unreadable
returned safely on the 15th; the army is encamped at a fortified position at Fishers Hill near Strasburg; awaiting attack by the enemy; rumors the army will march to Maryland; mentions meeting barefooted Valley girls "awkward in their manners"
reports and describes the capture of her brother Jacob C. Armentrout [1842-1 932], Sergeant Samuel W. Hayes [1829-1888], James W. B. Trotter [?-1864], Samuel E. Lightner [?-1904], and James A. Hutchinson [1844- 1922] and death of Ephraim Y. Strasburg [?-1864] during a skirmish on the 12th [a photocopy of this letter is also present]
describes the battle of Fisher's Hill, "we ware badly whipped, death of Majo r General Robert Emmett Rodes [1829-1864], William Plunkett [1844-1879] wounded, Colonel John Henry Stover Funk [1837-1864] mortally wounded, Captain James W. Newton [1838-1896] seriously wounded in leg, Captain James Bumgardner, Jr. [1835-1917] "killed" [captured]
continued discussion of the aftermath of defeat at Fishers Hill, loss of art illery and capture of several members of the regiment [John H. Hite [?-1910], Th omas J. Smith [?-?] and William R. Holbert [1836- 1894]; this letter is faint and hard to read
skirmish and defeat of Yankee cavalry at Brown's Gap [September 26, 1864; du ring Sheridan's Shenandoah Valley Campaign]; "Excuse this torn letter"
says Early [General Jubal Early, 1816-1894] drinks but the "army has not ent irely lost confidence in our old leader"; complains of irregular mail service; v isited an uncle and his new "young wife"; local and family news
mentions someone as fearful of capture by provost guard; discusses the "hard and bloody" battle of Cedar Creek [19 October 1864] where WFB was wounded in th e foot, Confederates routed; is looking forward to visiting "my little bird"
letter is very faint; cold weather and 15 inches of snow in the Valley; camp news and rumors
discusses rumors of General Joseph E. Johnston [1807-1891] and the battle of Bentonville, North Carolina [March 19-21, 1865]; WFB's camp is only fifty yards away from the enemy, the two forces are sociable and trade newspapers and coffee; "I am certain if this war was left in the hands of the private peace would soon be adjusted"; describes camp life
General comments; wheat and corn are ready; "This is a beautiful night all n ature seems clothes in bridal Splendor"
"The last time I was in your presence you desired to be united in the holy b and of marriage in November"; reminds her that she once stated "you never would be willing to marry me until I had some little home of my own . . . I fear many moons will grow old before I can claim a home of my ow n" but is willing to get married next fall; "if you will wait until another summ er I will give thee my hand with my heart"
plans to visit her next Saturday; "You are always near me in my thoughts Eve ry plan I form or every hope I entertain you are with me"
"You are well aware I once loved you devotedly, yes passionately"
"I will not deny the charge of swearing occasionally & God knows I am so rry to think this confession but I never shall try to deceive you in the least"; he has just returned from a business trip to Staunton
"It is due to your goodness womanly virtues & high & honorable natur e, to use truth & candor"
doubts about his suitability for marriage; denies rumor that he is in love w ith "a lady of wealth"; signs himself "your Brother"
"I would like very much to see you; But have thought it best that we should not meet for awhile"
"It would have given me much pleasure to have accompanied you to the Pines I f for no other reasons; than to show the world we are friends"
"I am at a loss what to know what to do this year; I have the offer of a goo d mill"
"I know you are getting anxious to hear from your W. [William] or at least a peep at Kate's face would not be objectionable to the writer thare is none can fill your plase in my affections"; mentions a horse dispute with a Mr. Chaplin ("this morning both my horses are gone"); "I am some what loneson when I go to the house & miss you. I have wished several times this evening that I was at Rosedale; But it is useless for me to be seek for I know that I can not be with you for several days yet"
W. W. Moseley, Gravel Hill, to "Dear Brother" [Dr. Charles Floyd Moseley, a Confederate surgeon], enclosing copy of letter of July 4, John W. Moseley, Getty sburg, to "Dear Mother" (Mrs. Charles Moseley) in which JWM describes himself as a mortally wounded prisoner of war and describes the battle and his wounding
"Will you said something about being an old grayheaded bachelor if you will come over on this side of the Ridge [Blue Ridge Mountains] where love & beau ty reign I think you could find some old widdow that would sympathize with your in your troubles"; accuses him of badly treating Kat e [Amanda C. Armentrout] and advises him not to marry her; describes "a grand me morial" held at the Buckingham Female Institute [1 August 1866] attended by 500 persons, "about two-thirds of that number lovely f air sex . . . I could hardly keep from falling in love with some of them"; menti ons a recent visit to Scottsville; attached to this is a letter containing general news and comments from the Brand brothers' uncle C. F. Mosely [Charles Floyd Moseley?] to his nephew William
says that if William becomes an old bachelor it is his fault because "you ha ve treated Kate badly," advises him not to marry her "without love . . . I know she loves you more than any one else"; provides a short account his (CDB's) current courtship with a woman he refuses to identify by name; believes times are getting better, tobacco and oats crops are good but not wheat; urges WFB to visit their uncle during Christmas
: general family news; does not want to return to Virginia; encloses letter to "Dear Sister," [sister- in-law?] same date and place, misses friends and fami ly in Virginia, appreciates offer to live with her brother William and Kate
death of her grandmother last month and description of her final days; famil y news, crops are good, especially tobacco
[includes photograph of William Francis Brand and Amanda Catherine Armentrou t Brand]
Photocopies of abbreviated typescripts and notes of selected Brand letters b y Colonel S. L. Denison, chairman, Waynesboro Civil War Centennial Committee, 24 pp.
Day, twenty-sixth of last May/Received from you without delay . . .," signed "A Friend"
"If anyone wants more information on the family of William Francis Brand and Amanda Catherine Brand . . ., " 2 pp.