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ISO 639 Language Codes

Technical contents of ISO 639:1988 (E/F) "Code for the representation of names of languages".

Typed by Keld.Simonsen@dkuug.dk 1990-11-30
Minor corrections, 1992-09-08 by Keld Simonsen
Sundanese corrected, 1992-11-11 by Keld Simonsen
Two-letter lower-case symbols are used.


aa Afar
ab Abkhazian
af Afrikaans
am Amharic
ar Arabic
as Assamese
ay Aymara
az Azerbaijani
ba Bashkir
be Byelorussian
bg Bulgarian
bh Bihari
bi Bislama
bn Bengali; Bangla
bo Tibetan
br Breton
ca Catalan
co Corsican
cs Czech
cy Welsh
da Danish
de German
dz Bhutani
el Greek
en English
eo Esperanto
es Spanish
et Estonian
eu Basque
fa Persian
fi Finnish
fj Fiji
fo Faeroese
fr French
fy Frisian
ga Irish
gd Scots Gaelic
gl Galician
gn Guarani
gu Gujarati
ha Hausa
hi Hindi
hr Croatian
hu Hungarian
hy Armenian
ia Interlingua
ie Interlingue
ik Inupiak
in Indonesian
is Icelandic
it Italian
iw Hebrew
ja Japanese
ji Yiddish
jw Javanese
ka Georgian
kk Kazakh
kl Greenlandic
km Cambodian
kn Kannada
ko Korean
ks Kashmiri
ku Kurdish
ky Kirghiz
la Latin
ln Lingala
lo Laothian
lt Lithuanian
lv Latvian, Lettish
mg Malagasy
mi Maori
mk Macedonian
ml Malayalam
mn Mongolian
mo Moldavian
mr Marathi
ms Malay
mt Maltese
my Burmese
na Nauru
ne Nepali
nl Dutch
no Norwegian
oc Occitan
om (Afan) Oromo
or Oriya
pa Punjabi
pl Polish
ps Pashto, Pushto
pt Portuguese
qu Quechua
rm Rhaeto-Romance
rn Kirundi
ro Romanian
ru Russian
rw Kinyarwanda
sa Sanskrit
sd Sindhi
sg Sangro
sh Serbo-Croatian
si Singhalese
sk Slovak
sl Slovenian
sm Samoan
sn Shona
so Somali
sq Albanian
sr Serbian
ss Siswati
st Sesotho
su Sundanese
sv Swedish
sw Swahili
ta Tamil
te Tegulu
tg Tajik
th Thai
ti Tigrinya
tk Turkmen
tl Tagalog
tn Setswana
to Tonga
tr Turkish
ts Tsonga
tt Tatar
tw Twi
uk Ukrainian
ur Urdu
uz Uzbek
vi Vietnamese
vo Volapuk
wo Wolof
xh Xhosa
yo Yoruba
zh Chinese
zu Zulu

[ornament]

ISO CD 639-2 Language Codes

This is a extract of a paper called ISO CD 639/2 Draft Proposal, titled
"Code for the representation of names of languages, alpha-3 code" dated 12/16/91.

Typed in by Keld.Simonsen@dkuug.dk 1993-11-11
Table 3: Alpha-3 symbols arranged alphabetically by symbol

aar Afar
abk Abkhazian
ace Achinese
ach Acoli
ada Adangme
afa Afro-Asiatic (Other)
afh Afrihili
afr Africaans
ajm Aljamia
aka Akan
akk Akkadian
alb/sqi Albanian
ale Aleut
alg Algonquian languages
amh Amharic
ang English, Old (ca. 450-1100)
apa Apache languages
ara Arabic
arc Aramaic
arm/hye Armenian
arn Araucanian
arp Arapaho
art Artificial (Other)
arw Arawak
asm Assamese
ath Athapascan languages
ava Avaric
ave Avestan
awa Awandhi
aym Aymara
aze Azerbaijani
bad Banda
bai Bamileke languages
bak Bashkir
bal Baluchi
bam Bambara
ban Balinese
baq/eus Basque
bas Basa
bat Baltic (Other)
bej Beja
bel Byelorussian
bem Bemba
ben Bengali
ber Berber languages
bho Bhojpuri
bih Bihari
bik Bikol
bin Bini
bis Bislama
bla Siksika
bod/tib Tibetan
bra Braj
bre Breton
bug Buginese
bul Bulgarian
bur/mya Burmese
cad Caddo
cai Central American Indian (Other)
car Carib
cat Catalan
cau Caucasian (Other)
ceb Cebuano
cel Celtic (Other)
ces/cze Czeck
cha Chamorro
chb Chibcha
che Chechen
chg Chagatai
chi/zho Chinese
chn Chinook jargon
cho Choctaw
chr Cherokee
chu Church Slavic
chv Chuvash
chy Cheyenne
cop Coptic
cor Cornish
cos Corsican
cpe Creoles and pidgins,
English-based (Other)
cpf Creoles and pidgins,
French-based (Other)
cpp Creoles and pidgins,
Portuguese-based (Other)
cre Cree
crp Creoles and pidgins (Other)
cus Cushitic (Other)
cym/wel Welsh
cze/ces Czech
dak Dakota
dan Danish
del Delaware
deu/ger German
din Dinka
doi Dogri
dra Dravidian (Other)
dua Duala
dum Dutch, Middle (ca. 1050-1350)
dut/nld Dutch
dyu Dyula
dzo Dzongkha
efi Efik
egy Egyptian (Ancient)
eka Ekajuk
ell/gre Greek, Modern (1453- )
elx Elamite
eng English
enm English, Middle (1100-1500)
epo Esperanto
esk Eskimo (Other)
esl/spa Spanish
est Estonian
eth Ethiopic
eus/baq Basque
ewe Ewe
ewo Ewondo
fan Fang
fao Faroese
fas/per Persian
fat Fanti
fij Fijian
fin Finnish
fiu Finno-Ugrian (Other)
fon Fon
fra/fre French
fre/fra French
frm French, Middle (ca. 1400-1600)
fro French, Old (ca. 842-1400)
fry Friesian
ful Fulah
gaa Ga
gae/gdh Gaelic (Scots)
gai/iri Irish
gay Gayo
gdh/gae Gaelic (Scots)
gem Germanic (Other)
geo/kat Georgian
ger/deu German
gil Gilbertese
glg Gallegan
gmh German, Mid. High (ca. 1050-1500)
goh German, Old High (ca. 750-1050)
gon Gondi
got Gothic
grb Grebo
grc Greek, Ancient (to 1453)
gre/ell Greek, Modern (1453- )
grn Guarani
guj Gujarati
hai Haida
hau Hausa
haw Hawaiian
heb Hebrew
her Herero
hil Hiligaynon
him Himachali
hin Hindi
hmo Hiri Motu
hun Hungarian
hup Hupa
hye/arm Armenian
iba Iban
ibo Igbo
ice/isl Icelandic
ijo Ijo
iku Inuktitut
ile Interlingue
ilo Iloko
ina Interlingua (International Auxilary
Language Association)
inc Indic (Other)
ind Indonesian
ine Indo-European (Other)
ipk Inupiak
ira Iranian (Other)
iri/gai Irish
iro Iroquoian languages
isl/ice Icelandic
ita Italian
jav/jaw Javanese
jaw/jav Javanese
jpn Japanese
jpr Judeo-Persian
jrb Judeo-Arabic
kaa Kara-Kalpak
kab Kabyle
kac Kachin
kal Greenlandic
kam Kamba
kan Kannada
kar Karen
kas Kashmiri
kat/geo Georgian
kau Kanuri
kaw Kawi
kaz Kazakh
kha Khasi
khi Khoisan (Other)
khm Khmer
kho Khotanese
kik Kikuyu
kin Kinyarwanda
kir Kirghiz
kok Konkani
kon Kongo
kor Korean
kpe Kpelle
kro Kru
kru Kurukh
kua Kuanyama
kur Kurdish
kus Kusaie
kut Kutenai
lad Ladino
lah Lahnda
lam Lamba
lao Lao
lap Lapp languages
lat Latin
lav Latvian
lin Lingala
lit Lithuanian
lol Mongo
loz Lozi
lub Luba-Katanga
lug Ganda
lui Luiseno
lun Lunda
luo Luo (Kenya and Tanzania)
mac/mke Macedonian
mad Madurese
mag Magahi
mah Marshall
mai Maithili
mak Makasar
mal Malayalam
man Mandingo
mao/mri Maori
map Austronesian (Other)
mar Marathi
mas Masai
max Manx
may/msa Malay
men Mende
mic Micmac
min Minangkabau
mis Miscellaneous (Other)
mke/mac Macedonian
mkh Mon-Khmer (Other)
mlg Malagasy
mlt Maltese
mni Manipuri
mno Manobo languages
moh Mohawk
mol Moldavian
mon Mongolian
mos Mossi
mri/mao Maori
msa/may Malay
mul Multiple languages
mun Munda (Other)
mus Creek
mwr Marwari
mya/bur Burmese
myn Mayan languages
nah Aztec
nai North American Indian (Other)
nau Nauru
nav Navajo
nde Ndebele (Zimbabwe)
nld/dut Dutch
ndo Ndonga
nep Nepali
new Newari
nic Niger-Kordofanian (Other)
niu Niuean
non Old Norse
nor Norwegian
nso Northern Sohto
nub Nubian languages
nya Nyanja
nym Nyamwezi
nyn Nyankole
nyo Nyoro
nzi Nzima
oci Langue d'oc (post 1500)
oji Ojibwa
ori Oriya
orm Oromo
osa Osage
oss Ossetic
ota Turkish, Ottoman
oto Otomian languages
paa Papuan-Australian (Other)
pag Pangasinan
pal Pahlavi
pam Pampanga
pan Panjabi
pap Papiamento
pau Palauan
peo Old Persian (ca. 600-400 B.C.)
per/fas Persian
pli Pali
pol Polish
pon Ponape
por Portuguese
pra Prakrit languages
pro Provencal, Old (to 1500)
pus Pushto
que Quechua
raj Rajasthani
rar Rarotongan
roa Romance (Other)
roh Raeto-Romance
rom Romany
ron/rum Romanian
rum/ron Romanian
run Rundi
rus Russian
sad Sandawe
sag Sango
sai South American Indian (Other)
sal Salishan languages
sam Samaritan Aramaic
san Sanskrit
sco Scots
scr Serbo-Croatian
sel Selkup
sem Semitic (Other)
shn Shan
sid Sidamo
sin Sinhalese
sio Siouan languages
sit Sino-Tibetan (Other)
sla Slavic (Other)
slk/slo Slovak
slo/slk Slovak
slv Slovenian
smo Samoan
sna Shona
snd Sindhi
sog Sogdian
som Somali
son Songhai
sot Sotho
spa/esl Spanish
sqi/alb Albanian
srr Serer
ssa Nilo-Saharan (Other)
ssw Swazi
suk Sukuma
sun Sundanese
sus Susu
sux Sumerian
sve/swe Swedish
swa Swahili
swe/sve Swedish
syr Syriac
tah Tahitian
tam Tamil
tat Tatar
tel Telugu
tem Timne
ter Tereno
tgk Tajik
tgl Tagalog
tha Thai
tib/bod Tibetan
tig Tigre
tir Tigrinya
tiv Tivi
tli Tlingit
tog Tonga (Nyasa)
ton Tonga (Tonga Islands)
tru Truk
tsi Tsimshian
tsn Tswana
tso Tsonga
tuk Turkmen
tum Tumbuka
tur Turkish
tut Altaic (Other)
twi Twi
uga Ugaritic
uig Uighur
ukr Ukrainian
umb Umbundu
und Undetermined
urd Urdu
uzb Uzbek
vai Vai
ven Venda
vie Vietnamese
vol Volapuk
vot Votic
wak Wakashan languages
wal Walamo
war Waray
was Washo
wel/cym Welsh
wen Sorbian languages
wol Wolof
xho Xhosa
yao Yao
yap Yap
yid Yiddish
yor Yoruba
zap Zapotec
zen Zenaga
zha Zhuang
zho/chi Chinese
zul Zulu
zun Zuni


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