Etext HomeGeneral InfoCollectionsServicesFeaturesStandardsContact UsQuestions?VIRGO

The Body

The Electronic Text Center Introduction to TEI and Guide to Document Preparation
David Seaman, Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia



Next to the <TEI.2> and <text> tags, the <body> is typically the largest divisional structure in any given text. The body is the "meat" of the text that can either stand alone or can be sandwiched between front and backmatter. The body itself is typically broken down into a hierarchy of divisional structures such as volumes, books, and chapters.

<body>: The Body as Division

As stated above, the "body" is the part of the text that actually contains the story or literary subject proper. The <body> begins after any prefatory matter and ends before any appendices or back matter begins.

For Example:

<TEI.2 id="AusEmma">
<teiHeader>
[Source and processing information goes here]
</teiHeader>

<text id="AusEmma">
<front>
[If there is any front matter, it will go here.]
</front>
<body>
[text goes here]
</body>

<back>
[If there is any back matter, it will go here.]
</back>
</text>
</TEI.2>

Textual Divisions Within the Body

In the body of the text, we number our major divisions consecutively, based on their hierarchical relationship to each other within a work. In our usage, the largest structural division is tagged <div1>, followed by <div2>, <div3>. As an example, a chapter in a novel is more often than not going to be the initial structural division, marked <div1>:

<TEI.2 id="AusEmma">
<teiHeader>
[Source and processing information goes here]
</teiHeader>
<text id="AusEmma">

<body>

<div1 type="chapter" n="1">
<head>Chapter 1</head></div1>

<div1 type="chapter" n="2">
<head>Chapter 2</head></div1>

<div1 type="chapter" n="3">
<head>Chapter 3</head></div1>

<div1 type="chapter" n="4">
<head>Chapter 4</head></div1>
</body>
</text>
</TEI.2>

A chapter is not inherently numbered as <div1> in every work: if the work is a multi-volume novel, then the volume, and not the chapter, is the largest internal structural division -- the volume becomes the <div1> for those texts, and the chapter becomes <div2>:

<TEI.2 id="xxxxxxx">
<teiHeader>
[Source and processing information goes here]
</teiHeader>
<text id="xxxxxxx">
<body>
<div1 type="volume" n="1">
[Volume 1 starts here, including chapters]
<div2 type="chapter" n="1.1"> [Chapter 1.1 goes here] </div2>
<div2 type="chapter" n="1.2"> [Chapter 1.2 goes here] </div2>
<div2 type="chapter" n="1.3"> [Chapter 1.3 goes here] </div2>
</div1>

<div1 type="volume" n="2">
[Volume 2 starts here, including chapters]
<div2 type="chapter" n="2.1"> [Chapter 2.1 goes here] </div2>
<div2 type="chapter" n="2.2"> [Chapter 2.2 goes here] </div2>
<div2 type="chapter" n="2.3"> [Chapter 2.3 goes here] </div2>
</div1>
</body>
</text>
</TEI.2>

| Back | Next |