[Electronic Text Center] [Introduction to TEI]

Guidelines for SGML Text Mark-up at the Electronic Text Center

David Seaman, Electronic Text Center, University of Virginia


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Appendix I: Special Characters

Since SGML seeks to represent text solely in terms of the ASCII character set, any character that falls outside the ASCII domain must be represented with a special character entity tag. Each special character tag consists of a brief descriptive string, surrounded by an ampersand (&) and a semicolon (;). Note that, since the ampersand marks the beginning of each special character entity, it requires its own entity: &

ACUTE characters
ISO NAME
á á
é é
í í
ó ó
ú ú

GRAVE characters
ISO NAME
à à
è è
ì ì
ò ò
ù ù

UMLAUT characters
ISO NAME
ä ä
ë ë
ï ï
ö ö
ü ü

CIRCUMFLEX characters
ISO NAME
â â
ê ê
î î
ô ô
û û

TILDE characters
ISO NAME
ã ã
ñ ñ

CEDILLA characters
ISO NAME
ĉ ĉ

LIGATURES
ISO NAME
œ œ
æ æ

THORNS, ETHs, and YOGHs
ISO NAME
þ þ
ð ð
&yogh; &yogh;


A Full Set of ISO Special Character Codes


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